UK

Book Hotel

Book Rental Car

Calendars

Cheap Flights

Cycling Tours

Golf

History

Maps

Places of Interest
  Alton Towers
  Angel of the North
  Big Ben
  British Museum
  Buckingham Palace
  Camden Market
  Churchill Museum
  Cleopatra's Needle
  Edinburgh Castle
  Giant's Causeway
  Jurassic Coast
  Hampton Court Palace
  Houses of Parliament
  HMS Belfast
  HMS Victory
  King's College Chapel
  Kew Gardens
  Legoland
  London Eye
  Madame Tussauds
  Marble Arch
  The Monument
  Natural History Museum
  Neasden Temple
  Oxford Street
  Roman Baths
  Royal Naval Museum
  Royal Observatory
  St. Paul's Cathedral
  Stonehenge
  Tower Bridge
  Tower of London
  Trafalgar Square
  Westminster Abbey
  Windsor Castle
  More UK Attractions

Recipes

Towns and Cities
  Aberdeen
  Belfast
  Birmingham
  Blackpool
  Brighton
  Bristol
  Cambridge
  Cardiff
  Coventry
  Derby
  Dundee
  Edinburgh
  Exeter
  Glasgow
  Leeds
  Leicester
  Liverpool
  London
  Manchester
  Middlesbrough
  Milton Keynes
  Newcastle upon Tyne
  Norwich
  Nottingham
  Oxford
  Plymouth
  Portsmouth
  Sheffield
  Southampton
  Southend-on-Sea
  Swansea
  Wolverhampton
  York
  More UK Cities

Travel Guides

Weather

Links
   British Recipes
   Learn English eBooks
   Travel Downloads
   Travel eBooks
   Travel Magazines
   UK Country Information
   UK Travel Downloads
   More Links

Click here


 















































 
Travel Guide 2   >   Europe   >   UK   >   History

   
 

British History


Members of the genus Homo have lived in Britain for hundreds of thousands of years, and Homo sapiens for tens of thousands. Although it is possible that that the islands were temporarily depopulated during the glacial periods that occurred during the ice ages.

Stonehenge:
Stonehenge

By the first century BC, Britain had developed a sophisticated culture with farming, iron-working, coinage, and trade (principally of metals, especially tin, mined within the British Isles) with mainland Europe. It is also known that during this period, there was an influx of refugees from Gaul (France and Belgium) known as the Belgae, who had been displaced by the growth of the Roman Empire.

Britain was not unknown to the classical civiliations of the Mediterranean. Greeks and Carthaginians are known to have visited Britain as early as the 4th century BC. However, the first major contacts with the classical world were in 55 BC and 54 BC when Julius Caesar launched two military raids on southern England, as he believed the Britons were helping the resistance to his campaigns in Gaul.

After Julius Caesar's raids, Rome settled into a pattern of trade and diplomacy with the Britons, which was to last almost a hundred years. While some consideration was given to invading Britain, the Romans did not actually do so until 43 AD during the reign of Emperor Claudius. The Romans were eventually able to conquer all of England and Wales, and parts of southern Scotland. The Romans ruled Britain until 410 AD, when the legions were finally withdrawn because of more pressing needs closer to home. During the period of Roman occupation, many buildings were constructed in the country including villas, bath-houses, ampitheaters, and fortifications, including, of course, Hadrian's Wall.

Ruins of Hadrian's Wall:
Ruins of Hadrian's Wall

After the fall of the Roman Empire, various German tribes (the Angles, Saxons and Jutes) arrived in southern Britain. These tribes eventually became the English, and either assimilated the indigenous Celtic peoples of England, or displaced them into into Cornwall, Wales and southwestern Scotland. They in turn faced Viking invasions, and finally the Norman conquest of 1066, which introduced a French ruling nobility who eventually were to become assimilated with the English.

Harold Godwinson killed at Hastings from the Bayeux Tapestry:
Harold Godwinson killed at Hastings from the Bayeux Tapestry

During the Middle Ages, England's rulers conquered Wales, campaigned extensively in Ireland, held huge lands in France, and also tried, but failed, to conquer Scotland. England and Scotland did not finally unite until 1604, when James VI of Scotland (James I of England) declared himself "'King of Great Brittaine, France and Ireland" (the claim to the French throne, while maintained by British monarchs for some time, was not actively enforced since the French had their own ideas about who should be their monarch). Initially this combination was a personal union, by virtue of having the same monarch, and it was not until the 1707 Act of Union that England and Scotland combined their parliaments. In 1801, a second Act of Union made Ireland part of the country, the state now officially became named the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland".

Britain was the first country to industrialize, and this, together with its financial dominance, powerful navy, and victory in the Napoleonic Wars, allowed it to become the most powerful country in the world during the 19th and early 20th century. As a result of its position, Britain was able to establish an extensive colonial empire overseas, that eventually was to become the largest empire in history.

British Empire in 1921:
British Empire in 1921

By the late 19th century, new powers had arisen and became powerful rivals to the British Empire: the United States and Germany, both outstripped Britain economically, and in the case of Germany, became involved involved in a naval building race with Britain.

HMS Dreadnought:
HMS Dreadnought

In the last decades of the 19th century and the first years of the 20th century, extensive thought was given to granting "home rule" to Ireland, however a final decison on what policy to adopt had not been made when war broke out. In 1916, while World War I was still raging, Irish nationalists launched a rebellion against British rule in Ireland, seizing control of strategic points in Dublin. Although this rebellion was relatively easily defeated miitarily, it did succeed in bringing about a sea change in Irish political opinion. As a result, in 1922, most of Ireland became a separate country, the Irish Free State - the forerunner of today's Republic of Ireland. The United Kingdom retained control of six northern counties on the island of Ireland, and henceforth became officially known as the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".

The 20th century saw a relative decline in Britain's position in the world, as the country was virtually bankrupted by the costs of fighting two World Wars, especially World War II. Although, unlike many other countries, Britain was never occupied by the Nazis, World War II has nevertheless less a deep imprint on the British national psyche: Winston Churchill, Dunkirk, "their finest hour", the Battle of Britain, El Alamein, the Spitfire, and other details of World War II are very much engrained on the national consciousness.

Winston S. Churchill:
Winston S. Churchill

Following the end of World War II, the British Empire was gradually wound-up, because of financial difficulties, pressure from Americans, and increasing nationalism in the colonies. Although there were some conflicts during the retreat from empire, such as the 1956 Suez Crisis, on the whole, disengagement was surprisingly peaceful. Britain retains good relations and cultural links with many of its former colonies, and most (but not all) are members of the Commonwealth of Nations. In the immediate post war period and the Cold War with the USSR that followed, Britain was also an important ally (perhaps the most important ally) of the United States of America, and a leading member in the NATO alliance.

As already noted, during the post-war period Britain faced extensive economic problems. These were not helped by antiquated labour and industrial policies, numerous strikes and high inflation. In the 1980s however, Britain embarked in a new free market direction under the leadership of Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher: union power was restricted, inflation was brought under control, free enterprise encouraged, and subsidized state-owned industries either sold off ("privatization") or closed. These changes were not without pain, including for a time, massive unemployment, but eventually they succeeded in reviving the faltering economy. The increased prosperity that was brought about through these changes, the 1981 Royal Wedding of Prince Charles and Lady Diana Spencer, and victory in the 1982 Falklands War, brought a new mood of optimism to the country.

Margaret Thatcher:
Margaret Thatcher

While not as powerful as she once was, Britain is nevertheless still a leading economic, political, cultural and military power, with a permanent seat on the United Nations Security council. Britain remains a close ally of the United States of America and has forces fighting in both Iraq and engaged in Afghanistan.

Below are some books about the history of Britain.


Comments about British History


Please share your comments about the history of the UK:

   


Books about British History


Disclosure: Products details and descriptions provided by Amazon.com. Our company may receive a payment if you purchase products from them after following a link from this website.

History of Britain and Ireland

By DK Publishing

DK Publishing Dorling Kindersley
Released: 2013-12-23
Paperback (400 pages)

History of Britain and Ireland
List Price: $24.95*
Lowest New Price: $16.99*
Lowest Used Price: $12.26*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 23:20 Pacific 7 Sep 2019 More Info)


Click Here
  • DK Publishing Dorling Kindersley
Product Description:

From the Roman conquest of 43 CE to the Norman conquest of 1066, and from the Elizabethan age to the Iraq and Afghan wars of the 21st century, DK's History of Britain and Ireland traces the key events that have shaped Great Britain and Ireland from earliest times to the present day.

National Geographic The British World: An Illustrated Atlas

By Tim Jepson

National Geographic Society
Released: 2015-11-03
Hardcover (352 pages)

National Geographic The British World: An Illustrated Atlas
List Price: $40.00*
Lowest New Price: $13.16*
Lowest Used Price: $4.60*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 23:20 Pacific 7 Sep 2019 More Info)


Click Here
  • National Geographic Society
Product Description:
Spanning wars, religious controversies, revolutions, and more, The British World is a visual jewel illuminating the history of this fascinating land—and an essential reference to be treasured by history lovers young and old. The authoritative content, unearthed across thousands of years, immerses you in the full sweep of British history—from prehistory to the Romans, Saxons and Normans, the Medieval Age, Tudor Britain, the Stuarts, the Georgian and Victorian eras, and the modern age. The lush reference is interwoven with intriguing facts and insights into the fabric of British life, from literary highlights to social amusements to trends of the day. Sidebars examine significant people, as well as key cultural and artistic events. Featured quotes give voice to unforgettable characters such as Henry VIII, Shakespeare, Jane Austen, Sir Francis Drake, Queen Victoria, Winston Churchill, and Margaret Thatcher. You’ll discover time lines of key events in each chapter, and family trees trace the line of descent of the monarchy to the present. Blending compelling narrative, stunning photographs and artwork, and dozens of specially commissioned maps, The British World takes you on a fascinating journey through time and place to tell the story of the British Isles.

The Story of Britain: From the Romans to the Present: A Narrative History

By Rebecca Fraser

W W Norton Company
Paperback (848 pages)

The Story of Britain: From the Romans to the Present: A Narrative History
List Price: $23.95*
Lowest New Price: $6.00*
Lowest Used Price: $5.92*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 23:20 Pacific 7 Sep 2019 More Info)


Click Here
  • W W Norton Company
Product Description:

“A beautifully written story, a box of delights, a treasure trove: final proof of truth’s superiority over fiction.”―Andrew Roberts

A sparkling anecdotal account with the pace of an epic, about the men and women who created turning points in history. Rebecca Fraser's dramatic portrayal of the scientists, statesmen, explorers, soldiers, traders, and artists who forged Britain's national institutions is the perfect introduction to British history.

Just as much as kings and queens, battles and empire, Britain's great themes have been the liberty of the individual, the rule of law, and the parliamentary democracy invented to protect them. Ever since Caractacus and Boudicca surprised the Romans with the bravery of their resistance, Britain has stood out as the home of freedom. From Thomas More to William Wilberforce, from Gladstone to Churchill, Britain's history is studded with heroic figures who have resisted tyranny in all its guises, whether it be the Stuart kings' belief in divine right, the institution of slavery, or the ambitions of Napoleon and Hitler. 154 illustrations

A History of Modern Britain

By Andrew Marr

PAN
Paperback (736 pages)

A History of Modern Britain
List Price: $20.95*
Lowest New Price: $9.49*
Lowest Used Price: $6.33*
Usually ships in 1-2 business days*
*(As of 23:20 Pacific 7 Sep 2019 More Info)


Click Here
  • PAN
Product Description:
This engaging volume tells the story of how the great political visions and idealisms of Victorian Britain came to be defeated by a culture of consumerism, celebrity, and self-gratification. It explains how in each decade, political leaders found themselves confounded by the British people, who always turned out to be harder to herd than predicted. Historically Britain has been a country on the edge—first of invasion, then of bankruptcy, then on the vulnerable front line of the Cold War, and later in the forefront of the great opening up of capital and migration. This history follows all the political and economic stories of the modern era as well as with such social trends as comedy, cars, the war against homosexuals, oil-men and punks, Margaret Thatcher’s wonderful good luck, political lies, and the true heroes of British theater.

The Story of Britain from the Norman Conquest to the European Union

By Patrick Dillon

Candlewick
Released: 2011-02-22
Hardcover (352 pages)

The Story of Britain from the Norman Conquest to the European Union
List Price: $21.99*
Lowest New Price: $6.00*
Lowest Used Price: $12.95*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 23:20 Pacific 7 Sep 2019 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:
Stunningly illustrated by P.J. Lynch, Patrick Dillon’s accessible narrative brings the dramatic history of a nation to life.

The history of Britain is a thrilling story of kings and queens, battles and truces, discoveries and inventions, expansion and diplomacy. From William the Conqueror’s arrival in 1066 to the end of the twentieth century, The Story of Britain celebrates the rich diversity of a people and culture, as well as the events, good and bad, that have shaped Britain — and the world — over the past thousand years. Royals, commoners, warriors, and scientists have all had parts to play, and each of their stories is told here in lively, lucid language appropriate for a young audience. Timelines summarize each era in a quick-view format between each section, while bite-size chapters and full-color plates make this history easy to pick up and hard to put down.

The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Royal Britain: A Magnificent Study Of Britain's Royal Heritage With A Directory Of Royalty And Over 120 Of The Most Important Historic Buildings

By Charles Phillips

LORENZ BOOKS
Released: 2017-08-01
Hardcover (512 pages)

The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Royal Britain: A Magnificent Study Of Britain s Royal Heritage With A Directory Of Royalty And Over 120 Of The Most Important Historic Buildings
List Price: $35.00*
Lowest New Price: $22.83*
Lowest Used Price: $11.70*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 23:20 Pacific 7 Sep 2019 More Info)


Click Here
  • LORENZ BOOKS
Product Description:


Explore the history of the British Isles in this celebration of its monarchs, and the development of its fine architectural legacy. The first half is a magnificent illustrated history of Britain's kings and queens, including such internationally recognized characters as Henry VIII and Elizabeth II. The second part focuses on many fascinating historic sites in Britain and Ireland, including Tintagel, Windsor and Chatsworth. From castles to kings,from stately houses to statesmen and nobles, the legacy of Britain's past is an intrinsic part of the country today. This expert and comprehensive guide to British royalty and architecture will delight and inform every reader.





Britain's royal, architectural and historic heritage is

celebrated in one stunningly illustrated volume.



• A biographical account of every monarch from William the

Conqueror to Elizabeth I and Victoria to the present day.



• In-depth illustrated surveys of over 120 of the most

significant castles, palaces and stately houses.



• Over 1000 photographs, fine-art paintings, drawings, maps

and family trees tracing the Royal Line of Succession.

English History Made Brief, Irreverent, and Pleasurable

By Lacey Baldwin Smith

Brand: Chicago Review Press
Released: 2006-10-01
Paperback (274 pages)

English History Made Brief, Irreverent, and Pleasurable
List Price: $17.95*
Lowest New Price: $6.00*
Lowest Used Price: $1.60*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 23:20 Pacific 7 Sep 2019 More Info)


Click Here
  • A history to delight, amuse, entertain, and inform the armchair traveler, tourist--or anyone interested in history and/or great britain. The in-text illustrations are delightful, witty.
Product Description:
Here at last is a history of England that is designed to entertain as well as inform and that will delight the armchair traveler, the tourist or just about anyone interested in history. No people have engendered quite so much acclaim or earned so much censure as the English: extolled as the Athenians of modern times, yet hammered for their self-satisfaction and hypocrisy. But their history has been a spectacular one.
 
The guiding principle of this book's heretical approach is that "history is not everything that happened, but what is worth remembering about the past.. . .". Thus, its chapters deal mainly with "Memorable History" in blocks of time over the centuries. The final chapter "The Royal Soap Opera," recounts the achievements, personalities and idiocies of the royal family since the arrival of William the Conqueror in 1066. Spiced with dozens of hilarious cartoons from Punch and other publications, English History will be a welcome and amusing tour of a land that has always fascinated Anglophiles and Anglophobes alike.

The Usborne History of Britain: With Internet Links (Internet-linked Reference)

By Ruth Brocklehurst

imusti
Hardcover (512 pages)

The Usborne History of Britain: With Internet Links (Internet-linked Reference)
Lowest New Price: $26.60*
Lowest Used Price: $8.97*
Usually ships in 1-2 business days*
*(As of 23:20 Pacific 7 Sep 2019 More Info)


Click Here
  • USBORNE PUBLISHING
Product Description:
Will be shipped from US. Used books may not include companion materials, may have some shelf wear, may contain highlighting/notes, may not include CDs or access codes. 100% money back guarantee.

The Peoples of the British Isles: A New History. From Prehistoric Times to 1688

By Samantha A Meigs

Oxford University Press
Paperback (284 pages)

The Peoples of the British Isles: A New History. From Prehistoric Times to 1688
List Price: $62.95*
Lowest New Price: $60.84*
Lowest Used Price: $58.32*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 23:20 Pacific 7 Sep 2019 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:
The Peoples of the British Isles examines the conflicts and commonalities among the peoples of England, Ireland, Scotland, and Wales from prehistoric times to the present. The series focuses throughout on the lives of real people-how they made a living, organized their society and institutions, related to each other, and understood themselves and their world.

The new edition of these books features a fuller treatment of the Celtic countries and expanded and integrated content on both popular culture and the changing roles of women in society throughout history. Volume I covers the development of the Four Nations of the British Isles from the prehistoric era up to the revolution of 1688.

A History of Britain, Vol. 2: The Wars of the British, 1603-1776

By Simon Schama

Brand: Miramax
Released: 2001-10-17
Hardcover (544 pages)

A History of Britain, Vol. 2: The Wars of the British, 1603-1776
List Price: $40.00*
Lowest New Price: $12.00*
Lowest Used Price: $1.49*
Usually ships in 1-2 business days*
*(As of 23:20 Pacific 7 Sep 2019 More Info)


Click Here
  • Used Book in Good Condition
Product Description:
Inside these pages lies the bloody epic of liberty, the British Iliad.

The second volume of Simon Schama's A History of Britain brings the histories of Britain's civil wars -- full of blighted idealism, shocking carnage, and unexpected outcomes -- startlingly to life. These conflicts were fought unsparingly between the nations of the islands -- Ireland, England, and Scotland -- and between parliament and the crown. Shattering the illusion of a "united kingdom," they cost hundreds of thousands of lives: a greater proportion of the population than died in the First World War.

When religious passion gave way to the equally consuming passion for profits, it became possible for the pieces of Britain to come together as the spectacularly successful business enterprise of "Britannia Incorporated." And in a few generations that business state expanded in a dizzying process that transformed what had been an obscure, off-shore footnote to Europe's great powers into the main event -- the most powerful empire in the world.

Yet somehow, it was the "wrong empire." The British considered it a bastion of liberty, yet it was based on military force and the enslavement of hundreds of thousands of Africans. In America, the emptiness of British claims to protect "freedom" was thrown back into the teeth of colonial governors and redcoat soldiers, while the likes of Sam Adams and George Washington inherited the mantle of Cromwell.

Simon Schama grippingly evokes the horror of the battle, famine, and plague; the flames of burning cities; the pathos of broken families, with fathers and sons forced to choose opposing sides. But he also captures the intimacies of palace and parliament and the seductions of profit and pleasure. Geniuses like John Milton, Thomas Hobbes, and Benjamin Franklin stalk vividly through his pages, but so do Scottish clansmen, women pamphleteers, and literate, eloquent African slaves like Olaudah Equiano.



 
 
 

 
 
Note: Our company does NOT provide travel, vacation, hotel, car rental services or associated products or services. Any links (including but not limited to banners, text links, or search forms) to such items on this web site are adverts from third parties. Sorry we can NOT answer questions about these types of products or services.

Unless specifically noted on the page in question, our company is NOT associated with attractions or places of interest that may be described on this website. In such cases, we have often provided links to the official sites where possible, or other third party sites containing useful information, purely as a courtesy and for informational purposes only.

All information about attractions, places of interest, travel destinations, travel services, etc., was believed to be correct at the time it was prepared, but may be change at any time. Readers are advised to check with their travel agent, travel provider, or the attraction operator, for current information.


Copyright © 2007-2019, Answers 2000 Limited

CERTAIN CONTENT THAT APPEARS ON THIS SITE COMES FROM AMAZON SERVICES LLC. THIS CONTENT IS PROVIDED 'AS IS' AND IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE OR REMOVAL AT ANY TIME.
CERTAIN CONTENT THAT APPEARS ON THIS SITE,COMES FROM AMAZON EU S. r.l. THIS CONTENT IS PROVIDED 'AS IS' AND IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE OR REMOVAL AT ANY TIME.

Disclosure: Our company's websites' content (including this website's content) includes advertisements for our own company's websites, products, and services, and for other organization's websites, products, and services. In the case of links to other organization's websites, our company may receive a payment, (1) if you purchase products or services, or (2) if you sign-up for third party offers, after following links from this website. Unless specifically otherwise stated, information about other organization's products and services, is based on information provided by that organization, the product/service vendor, and/or publicly available information - and should not be taken to mean that we have used the product/service in question. Additionally, our company's websites contain some adverts which we are paid to display, but whose content is not selected by us, such as Google AdSense ads. For more detailed information, please see Advertising/Endorsements Disclosures

In Association With Amazon.com
Answers 2000 Limited is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.
In Association With Amazon.co.uk
Answers 2000 Limited is a participant in the Amazon EU Associates Programme, an affiliate advertising programme designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.co.uk.
As an Amazon Associate, our company earns from qualifying purchases. Amazon, the Amazon logo, Endless, and the Endless logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates.

Our sites use cookies, some of which may already be set on your computer. Use of our site constitutes consent for this. For details, please see Privacy.

Click privacy for information about our company's privacy, data collection and data retention policies, and your rights.

Contact Us   Privacy   Terms of Use   Advertising/Endorsements Disclosures