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Travel Guide 2   >   Europe   >   UK   >   Towns and Cities   >   Newcastle upon Tyne


Newcastle upon Tyne

Newcastle upon Tyne is a city on the North bank of the River Tyne in Northwest England. As of 2006, Newcastle had an estimated population of 259,536. The city lies within a larger urban area known as Tyneside, and people from this area are known throughout the United Kingdom as "Geordies".

Key Facts about Newcastle upon Tyne

Here are some facts about Newcastle upon Tyne:
  1. Newcastle upon Tyne, often referred to as simply Newcastle, is a city in North East England located on the North bank of the river Tyne, about 9 miles (14 kilometers) from the North Sea coast.

  2. The city gets its name from a castle built in 1080 by Robert II, Duke of Normandy, who was William the Conqueror's eldest son.

  3. People from Newcastle and the surrounding areas, are nicknamed Geordies.

  4. Historically, Newcastle's economy was based upon the wool trade, and later coal and shipbuilding. Today, however business management, education, high technology, retail, culture, and tourism are the main economic drivers.

  5. Road transport links to the Newcastle area include the A1, the A19, the A69, the A696, the A68, the A167, and the A1058.

  6. Newcastle Central Station is a principal stop on the East Coast Main Line rail route, and the Cross Country Route.

  7. Within Newcastle and the Tyne and Wear region, the Tyne and Wear Metro provides easy travel with a system of suburban and underground railways.

  8. Newcastle International Airport is located about 6 miles (10 kilometers) West of the city center. It serves both domestic and international routes, and is one of the fastest growing airports in the UK.

  9. Each year, Newcastle hosts one of the world's most popular half marathons, the Great North Run. It has hosted the event since it began in 1981. In recent years, this event has attracted more than 50,000 runners annually!

Attractions and Places of Interest in Newcastle

Some attractions and places of interest in Newcastle and the surrounding area include:

Weather in Newcastle

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Books about Newcastle upon Tyne

Here are some books about Newcastle upon Tyne:

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Newcastle: The Biography

By Bill Purdue

Amberley Publishing
Released: 2012-05-10
Kindle Edition (384 pages)

Newcastle: The Biography
Product Description:
Newcastle’s history begins with Pons-Aelius, a Roman bridge and fort to the eastern end of Hadrian’s Wall. The town took its name from the ‘new castle’ built after the Norman Conquest around which a settlement nestled for protection. Its position, as the guardian of the main eastern route between England and Scotland, gave it considerable military significance.

The town’s great moments, when it was besieged and taken by the Scots in 1642 under General Leslie and when Charles l was imprisoned there, are all recounted in full evocative detail. A central theme is Newcastle’s vibrant social and cultural history for this was both an innovative and pleasure-loving society, known for its inventiveness and its promotion of the arts and sciences, but also for its robust and occasionally riotous popular culture. A bye-law regulating the dress of apprentices of 1554 inveighed against the gambling and ‘typling, danncing and brasenge of harlots’ that was said to characterise the lifestyle of the apprentices. A puritanical observer of the town’s twenty-first-century nightlife might feel that little had changed…

The Kindle Edition contains 57 illustrations (41 in colour)

Aal Aboot Newcastle

By David Simpson

My World
Paperback (64 pages)

Aal Aboot Newcastle
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Product Description:
Newcastle is not your average northern city. Visitors and locals are often surprised by what they find, whether it be the elegance of Grey Street, the unexpected timber-framed merchants' houses of the 1650s Sandhill, the charming cathedral church of St Nicholas or the magnificent Tyne bridges. Newcastle was a major medieval town, a place of trade and industry long before Manchester, Leeds or Liverpool rose to significance. For centuries the formidable medieval walls defined this town. Amongst the best in Europe, some impressive sections of this wall remain, recalling the town of old. Other reminders are the 'new castle' with its keep and Blackgate, the historic streets with their ancient names and the age old phrase of pointless pursuit: 'coals to Newcastle', recalling the lucrative trade that made Newcastle the 'spacious, extended, infinitely populous place' of Daniel Defoe's time. Officially Newcastle has only been a city since 1882 and the home to the beloved Newcastle United for ten years less than that, but both are still affectionately 'the Toon' in the hearts of the Geordies. In truth Newcastle has come a long way from its quayside origins as the town (or toon) that hugged the steeply rising banks of the Tyne for centuries. As late as 1830 this riverside area was still the hub of the town, enclosed within the walls that stretched up the hill. Here within the northerly sections of the wall there was still much open space where a friary and nunnery had once stood. A decade later these open spaces had been filled with grand new streets of classical design courtesy of the builder Richard Grainger. A new monument dedicated to Earl Grey formed part of this scheme. It became the focal point for the new town, with Blackett Street, its backdrop, running along the course of what had been the northern edge of the town wall. The old northern fringe of Newcastle was now the very centre of the town and within a century this centre had shifted further into Northumberland Street, beyond the walls. The evolution, growth and development of Newcastle is a fascinating story and is explored in this book through the streets and famous buildings. All of the major suburbs of the city feature in the book from Gosforth and Jesmond in the north, Walker and Byker in the east to Scotswood, Denton, Benwell and Elswick in the west.

Newcastle and Gateshead: Pevsner City Guide (Pevsner Architectural Guides: City Guides)

By Grace McCombie

Yale University Press
Paperback (320 pages)

Newcastle and Gateshead: Pevsner City Guide (Pevsner Architectural Guides: City Guides)
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Product Description:
A lively and authoritative survey of the buildings of Tyneside, from the medieval castle and cathedral at Newcastle to the spectacular buildings spearheading the renaissance of Gateshead on the river's south bank.

Newcastle Upon Tyne Street Atlas

Geographers' A-Z Map Co Ltd

Newcastle Upon Tyne Street Atlas
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Slow Northumberland & Durham: Including Newcastle, Hadrian's Wall and the Coast (Bradt Slow Travel)

By Gemma Hall

Brand: Bradt Travel Guides
Paperback (272 pages)

Slow Northumberland & Durham: Including Newcastle, Hadrian s Wall and the Coast (Bradt Slow Travel)
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Northumberland, in the north east of England, is home to the loneliest stretches of moorland and coast in the country. It has much to offer the nature lover, walking enthusiast, history buff, gastronome and gardener: incredible wildlife, Georgian architecture, the Pennine Way, Alnwick Gardens and Alnwick Castle, featured in the Harry Potter films. Gemma Hall shares her love of Northumberland guiding visitors from historic towns and villages through outdoor swimming opportunities, to high altitude flower meadows and the wooded gorges of the Durham coast.

3D Book of the England. Anaglyph 3D images of British architecture, culture, nature, landscapes in Yorkshire, London, Dover, Kent and across the United (3D Books 72)

By 3D Kindle Books

Internal Arts
Released: 2014-08-21
Kindle Edition (69 pages)

3D Book of the England. Anaglyph 3D images of British architecture, culture, nature, landscapes in Yorkshire, London, Dover, Kent and across the United (3D Books 72)
Product Description:
Image Index

Classic stone bridge
Alnwick castle
Cathedral architecture
Inside structure
Catholic church
City docks streets
Victoria and albert museum
Bodiam Castle
Bolton Abbey
London Bridge
Taxis waiting
Fish and Chips
Chapel tower of london
Streets of York
Dover landscape
Stokesay countryside
Syon park enchanted woodland
Yorkshire architecture
Choir singing
Bath roman baths
Historical steam engine
Tower of london
Green tunnel
British grey squirrel
Royal guard Buckingham
druids rock
Kent boating
Lake District
Leadenhall Market
Lion statue
Transport bridge London
London City
Architecture London
London underground
Steam Locomotive
Choices of food
Ferries in London
London Bridge
London Underground tunnel
Marble Hall
Metro station
Brimham rocks
North UK Nature
North yorkshire
Oxford Museum
Pendennis Castle Victorian pier
Local Policeman on bike
Punting in cambridge
Seven sisters
Mystical New Forest
Avebury celts druid
Stonehenge monument
Tea and scones
Telephone booths
Tower bridge night
Tower bridge close
Tower Bridge daySevern derby
York scenic bridge
Church fairford
North yorkshire Cathedral

Requires red-cyan glasses for 3D effect.


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